Politics of Change:

A Brief History


Dr. Robert N. Crittenden



This book focuses on the changing structure of society and government, viewed primarily in terms of the conflict between Western culture and its counter-cultures. 

It begins in the Classical Period, with Aristotle, because he was the first to describe the Western system for society and government. Then, with its second chapter, it switches to a description of the "Eastern" viewpoint, which is neither Eastern nor Far Eastern but counter-cultural to the Western. Throughout the remainder of the book, the author switches back-and-forth, between culture and counter-culture, showing how each developed and eventually connecting them to the contemporary political agendas.

About half of the book covers the twentieth century and its last five chapters lay out the major elements of the current political programs, as of the year 2000.




ISBN  0-9671290-1-X, paperback, 352 pages,  index, table of contents, citations, 3 figures, March 2000, Hargrave Publishing, Sequim, WA..   $20.00


Home Schooling Information

This book is highly structured, makes a complete statement, presents both sides and gives all the relevant definitions as it progresses. Although, its grammar and vocabulary are at the collegiate level, its sentences are in forward logic, which makes it accessible to most learning styles. 

The author's orientation is Western, scientific and in the political center.


Table of Contents

Chapter 1    Classical Foundation  

    1.1    Philosophy of Reason

    1.2    Second Punic War

    1.3    Decline of Rome

    1.4    Classical Religions


Chapter 2    Classical Mysticism

    2.1    Persian Religious Heritage

    2.2    Hinduism and Buddhism

    2.3    Milesian Philosophers

    2.4    Unconscious Mental Processes

    2.5    Culture and Individuation

    2.6    Athenian Philosophers


Chapter 3    Middle Eastern Mixture

    3.1    Hebrews

    3.2    Israelis

    3.3    Jews

    3.4    Mysticism

    3.5    Jewish War

    3.6    Christianity

    3.7    Philo Judaeus

    3.8    Gnosticism

    3.9    Alchemy


Chapter 4    The Dark Ages

    4.1    Roman Church

    4.2    German Heritage

    4.3    Transition to Feudalism

    4.4    Jews in Medieval Europe


Chapter 5    Late Medieval Period

    5.1    Crusades

    5.2    Golden Age of France

    5.3    Jews in the Late Middle Ages

    5.4    Albigensian Heresy

    5.5    Peasant Revolts

    5.6    Decline After the Golden Age


Chapter 6    English Enlightenment

    6.1    Machiavelli's Recipe for Change

    6.2    Conversion of England

    6.3    Skepticism

    6.4    Commonwealth

    6.5    Restoration and Revolution

    6.6    Scotland and Ireland

    6.7    Economic Revolution


Chapter 7    French Revolution

    7.1    Freemasons

    7.2    Continental Masonry

    7.3    Frederick the Great

    7.4    Silesia

    7.5    Hasidism

    7.6    Magic

    7.7    Jewish Enlightenment

    7.8     Prussian Absolutism

    7.9    French Revolution


Chapter 8    Hegelian Period

    8.1    German Idealism

    8.2    Modern Judaism

    8.3    Classical Economics

    8.4    Tycoons of American Industry


Chapter 9    Post-Hegelian Period

    9.1    Anti-Masonic Movement

    9.2    England's Age of Reform

    9.3    Post-Hegelian Economics

    9.4    Post-Hegelian Religions

    9.5    Communism

    9.6    Italian Unification


Chapter 10    Progressive Education

    10.1    German Approach to Education

    10.2    Early Internationalist Education

    10.3    Progressive Education

    10.4    Typology

    10.5    Implementation


Chapter 11    Crisis in Capitalism

    11.1    Marxism

    11.2    Rhodes-Milner Organizations

    11.3    American Monetary Policy

    11.4    Bolshevik Revolution

    11.5    World War I


Chapter 12    Nazi Germany

    12.1    Interwar Malaise

    12.2    New Age Movement

    12.3    Nordic Mysticism

    12.4    National Socialism


Chapter 13    The New Deal

    13.1    Fraternal and Religious Organizations

    13.2    Social Stresses

    13.3    Hoover Administration

    13.4    FDR Administration

    13.5    Democratic Elitism

    13.6    World War II

    13.7    Truman Administration

    13.8    Group Dynamics

    13.9    Eisenhower Administration


Chapter 14        Interdependence

    14.1    Supremacy Clause

    14.2    Disarmament Treaty

    14.3    Vietnam

    14.4    Social Stresses

    14.5    Criminal Justice

    14.6    Nixon's Economic Policy

    14.7    Economic Reform

    14.8    Intermodal Surface Transportation

    14.9    Indian and Energy Policy


Chapter 15    Outcome Based Education

    15.1    Formal Education under OBE

    15.2    The OBE System

    15.3    Higher Education

    15.4    Implementation of OBE

    15.5    Eugenics

    15.6    Dynamic Lattice

    15.7    Consequences


Chapter 16    America's Changing Churches

    16.1    Christian Covenantors

    16.2    Psydhedelic New Agers

    16.3    Unitarians

    16.4    UN Religions

    16.5    Foundation Programs in Religion

    16.6    Roman Church

    16.6    Eurodollar


Chapter 17    Natural Resources Management

    17.1    Closing the Gates of Opportunity

    17.2    Federally Protected Waters

    17.3    Legal Doctrines

    17.4    Boldt Case

    17.5    Post-Boldt Politics

    17.6    Timber Industry

    17.7    Chaos Theory


Chapter 18    Land Use Management

    18.1    Environmental Organizations

    18.2    Debt-for-Nature Swaps

    18.3    Rio Convention

    18.4    Disaster Management

    18.5    Wildlands

    18.6    Cascadia Project

    18.7    Wildlands Continues

    18.8    Water --- The Chelan Agreement      



My intention in writing this book was to describe the origin and basis of the major contemporary political programs. I trace their development in context, to provide a depth of understanding and background

This book focuses on the driving factors: That is on those things which determine the structure of government. These are religion, economics, education, and science. But what is behind all of them is the nature of the human psyche and the relationship between personality and culture.